After a lot of trial and error it is finally complete. Clarence Street: Between Dundas Street and King Street is a website made through Wix.com to present the history of a specific area of downtown London, Ontario. The website contains information that dates back to the 1880s and covers three themes of business types: hotels, manufacturers and retail. There are also detailed histories for two buildings. If you have any thoughts about the website you would like share please comment on this post or on the ‘about’ page on the website.
Since I started the MLIS program at Western, Fall 2013, I have heard a lot about makerspaces. Makerspaces are spaces that have technology such as 3D printers, littleBits, Arduino kits and other interesting technologies that can be used for making things. These types of spaces are becoming more and more common in libraries. Also a couple of organizations have started having these types of spaces. An example is the Makerbus.
I had never been to a makerspace until this past month. I currently work at a library that has a couple of these kind of technologies. They are not always set up because there is a limited amount of space in the library but recently they have started having makerspaces on Fridays. I have been able to play a Play-doh Piano and make a little red dragon head in the 3D printer. The design for the dragon came from Thingiverse. These types of spaces are going to continue to become more and more popular in libraries, especially since many libraries are redefining their spaces.
But since this is not my blog about libraries I’m now going to switch to talking about how these technologies can be used from a public history point of view. With the types of technologies that are provided in makerspaces the possibilities of things that can be created are endless. “[B]elieve that the present moment offers unprecedented opportunities for experimentally minded humanists, artists, and social scientist of every variety.”
There are a couple of obvious ways that the technologies discussed before can be used in relation to history. You can used 3D printers to make small replicas of buildings that have are significant to history and replicas of artifacts in museums. Since these would be made with filament in a 3D printer people would be able to touch them and look at them up close. Or you could also create accurate 3D models of heritage sites that may no longer exist someday because of natural disasters, climate change, or war. There is a team of people from the Historic Scotland and Glasgow School of Art who plan to create 3D models of 500 historic sites from around the world. The team is doing this with laser technology.
The possibilities of what you can make with 3D printers are endless as long as you can figure out a way to design the materials but where should the possibilities stop? Last year there was a student at the University of Texas designed a plastic gun that was made through use of a 3D printer and it actually worked. He posted the plans to his website until the U.S. State Department demanded that he take them down. This could change a lot of the ways we live and who these machines are allowed to belong to. 3D printers and other similar technologies are possible of great improvements in many topics but if they are placed into the wrong hands bad things could happen. Will the rules around 3D printers change in the future? Would you be able to make a historical gun with a 3D printer in a public space if you argued it was for historical purposes, not for actual use?
3D printing is still very new and people interested in practicing history in new and exciting ways will continue to be drawn to it in the future. Ideas that are unimaginable to us today will become possible as the technology advances further. What history related ideas will we think up next when it comes to modern technologies?
 Devon Elliott, Robert MacDougall, & William J. Turkel, “New Old Things: Fabrication, Physical Computing, and Experiment in Historical Practice,” Canadian Journal of Communication 37, no 1 (2012).
 Gallagher, “Scottish Laser Pioneers Lead Way in Preserving World Heritage Treasures,” The Observer (23 August 2009).
Since completing the timeline for 387 Clarence St., London, ON, I have set out to make a website that will include the timeline and information about the section of Clarence St. between King St. and Dundas St. So far I have created a website through Wix and I have been working to create content to fill the website. I do not plan on publishing the website until I have finished working on it because it looks a little strange at the moment with all my random notes reminding me to do things, so stay tuned for that link.
Wix has been fairly easy to use and I have explored some of the options that are offered through the apps market on the site. I have a number of images of what the section of the street looks like now throughout the website. I placed a search bar in the header of the website. A comment box on the about page. This blog has been pulled in to the about page in order for people to know that they can read about the project and the class from my point of view. There will be two documents that you can download from the website on the History of Clarence Street page which has been complied from City of London Directories to show the businesses that were in the building every five years since 1881. One document shows the information chronologically and the other by street address, then chronological order. I plan to look at a couple more of the apps but these are the ones I have used so far.
For pages on the website, I have decided to have a basic home page with an about page from there. Next I have a page titled the History of Clarence Street, which provides an short history of the street, shows images, and has two maps in order to show where the street is and then where each of the plots are. Under this page I have subpages for Hotels, Manufacturing, Retail and Featherbone Place. On the Hotel, Manufacturing and Retail pages information about a variety of businesses that fit under these categories is going to be provided. The basic information for each is: the name, years of operation and the street address it operated out of. If the business still exists and has a website there will be a link to the website. For a number of the businesses only the basic information is provided but when I am able to find more information a short history of a couple of sentences will be given. These three pages are meant to show the different kinds of businesses that have been on this street over the years and thus show how it has changed. The next page is specifically for 387 Clarence St., Featherbone Place. It has a short history, pulls in a photo steam from Flickr and has the timeline that I created before. The last page is a works cited page. This page will have information about all the different sources I used in order to create the website.
So that is the project so far, it will be done in 2 weeks hopefully so stay tuned for the link to the finished project.
Omeka is a website platform that can be used to present exhibits and collections online. There are a variety of libraries, archives and museums who use this platform to present their materials. Through this type of website historical information is becoming more and more accessible and interactive.
An interesting exhibit is Manifold Greatness: The Creation and Afterlife of King James Bible. This online exhibit was created by Folger Shakespeare Library, Bodleian Libraries: University of Oxford, and the Harry Ransom Center. The homepage presents a series of changing images and information for different parts of the site that may interest you, on the left side. To the right side, there are three skinny images which represent a past, present and future of the book. Before the King James Bible presents information from before this bible was created through 6 different pages. The pages have explanations and histories of the bible along with images, videos and a timeline of different bibles. Making the Book shows the book’s present by discussing the long and detailed creation of this English Bible. A neat feature offered at this stage is Read the Book. Pages of the original book from 1611 have been digitized and you can now read them from your own computer screen. There are many pros and cons for seeing a document online, two pros are being able to zoom in and brighten up your computer screen to read the text. Later Influences is the final section of the exhibit, which presents a variety of ways the text has influenced culture since its creation.
A feature that is offered through this exhibit and should be on more is a transcript for each video. On each page that has a video there is the word Transcript below a short description on right side of the page. If you click on the word you are brought to a whole transcript of the video. Through the transcript the information is presented in yet another way, making in more accessible.
Through all the images, videos and other additions the history of King James Bible is presented in a much more interesting and interactive way than it could be through other formats. Seeing the exhibit for this bible in person would be a great experience, but would you have learned as much? I know at least for myself when I go to an exhibit it is more about seeing it and talking about it with other people. I learn more about the exhibit in the reading that I do before and after. For this reason I think it is best to be able to experience an exhibit in person and online. The websites created for exhibits lets it continue to be shown even after it is no longer on tour.
Manifold Greatness is just one example of the digital exhibits that different organizations have created. Click here to see a list of sites that were created through Omeka.org in alphabetical order, not all of them are history related. In this list, underneath the title and short description, there is a list of plugins used on that site. This is helpful for being able to see how the plugins look before trying to set them up yourself. There is a separate list for websites created through omega.net, click here.
I have been using Omeka at work for the past month and a half. I work at a small library on the campus of Western University, and they use Omeka.net to present some of their special collections. There is a collection of Rare Books and Special Materials but personally I have been working on the Games Collection. The collection is made up of board, card and role playing games. I do not have a lot of experience with Omeka since I do not manage the whole site, only 1 collection with 40 items. But it has been easy to use for the information I need to present for each item. There is little or no learning curve for the basic platform.
It has been a lot of work but it is finally done, I have finished creating a timeline for Featherbone Place. I found that this project took a lot of time because some problems that I was not expecting arose. Google drive and Timeline JS have teamed up to make it really easy for anyone to make a timeline through a spreadsheet on Google drive and then publish it too the web. But they have almost made it too easy, which makes it difficult to understand when things were going wrong.
First thing that went wrong was because of Flickr. Only materials that are already posted on the web can be used with Timeline JS, so I created a Flickr account to post all the photos that I have taken of the building and different documents. I created 4 different albums for the photos. The problem arose when I placed the link into the spreadsheet for the timeline. If I used the link for the album in the spreadsheet, a photo that is not even mine would show up in the timeline for that entry. I really do not understand this. In the end, I stopped trying to understand/fix it and instead used the link for a specific photo from the album. For the entries in the timeline that use photos from Flickr you can click on the photo and be taken to the Flickr page where you can see the rest of the images in the album and descriptions for each.
Second problem involved linking to a blogpost. A couple of years ago Roxanne Lutz, a local history researcher from London, Ontario, wrote a blogpost about Featherbone Place, when Bud Gowan Antiques was closing and Bud Gowan was retiring. I found her post interesting and it gives a good short history to the building so I decided to link to it from the timeline for the building. But for some reason when I put the URL into the media box on the spreadsheet, a screenshot of the website does not show like they do with all the other entries that have links to other websites. Instead it shows html script. This was yet another thing that I could not figure out and instead I had to just place the URL into the description for that entry. Making it so that you have to click on the URL to see any of the blogpost.
Google drive spreadsheet and Timeline JS do not let you see how they are translating the spreadsheet into the timeline, thus making it difficult to fix when things do not work as planned.
Another part that I was not pleased about but it was to be expected is how I was not able to find information for each business that has been in Featherbone Place. More than 10 different businesses have been in Featherbone Place since it was built in 1886 and there does not appear to be any information about some expect that the name of the business was recorded for certain years in Core Heritage: A Survey of Built Heritage in Downtown London Ontario. This was unfortunate but could not be helped.
When I finished creating the timeline I decided try to make a simple website to post it on. I made a quick website through Google Sites. I did not do much with the website since the main product is the timeline. The website is called Featherbone Place and the only content is the timeline in the middle of the page. But I decided that I did not like this option because the timeline is constricted to a box instead of taking over the whole webpage, because of this I have decided to forget about the website and only use the URL provided through the timeline.
It is done, that is the main point!
 J. Michael Evans, Core Heritage: A Survey of Built Heritage in Downtown London Ontario, (London, ON: Corporation of the city of London, 2009), 37-39.
This week in class we are going to be talking about big data and the visualization of information, so I thought I would share two youtube videos that I know of, which were created through data and are history related.
A Time-Lapse pf Every Nuclear Explosion Since 1945 – by Isao Hashimoto
Hans Rosling’s 200 Countries, 200 Years, 4 minutes – The joy of stats – BBC four
In class this week we talked about 3D visualization and a number of projects that have been done.
Here is a project that is a little different than the ones we discussed called Bread and Roses (leads to a blogpost by creator of project, close to bottom is the link to the exhibit). This is a 3D Visualization that is set up through the virtual world of Second Life. You travel back to Lowell Massachusetts in the winter of 1912 and role-play as a person working in a textile mill to learn about different perspectives on child labour abuse.
I have not actually tried this out since you need a Second Life Browser, if anyone has this and tries it out please tell me about it. I think this sounds really interesting and it presents another option for virtual exhibits.
The meaning of the word authentic is staying the same but the format of the materials accepted as authentic are changing.
International Research on Permanent Authentic Records in Electronic Systems (InterPARES) is a research project across many countries and disciplines, studying the authenticity of digital records in order to create standards, policies, strategies and plans for digitized documents to be authentic in the future.
The project has gone through three phases of research from 1998 to 2012. The project is still continuing but some plans have changed. InterPARES Trust (new name for the project) is building on the foundations of InterPARES to make sure that people can trust digital records. The current phase of the project will continue into 2018. The director for the project is Dr. Luciana Duranti from the School of Library, Archival and Information Studies at the University of British Colombia.
When images and records are presented digitally it is hard to trust them because they can easily be manipulated. Also you have to wonder if the records are safe? By storing records online, you may be making it easier for people to hack in and steal the information. InterPARES Trust is doing research to answer questions like “Can the data be trusted? How and where are they stored? Who has control and jurisdiction? Who has access? How secure are they? Will your privacy be protected?” These questions are hard to answer because of the diverse possibilities presented by digital records. The project has created a list of studies that have or will come out of this research. They are split up into the following different domains: access, security, control, infrastructure, terminology, policy, social/societal issues, education, legal and resources. From this website you cannot access the full text but in most cases you can read an abstract.
This research will affect how people see and understand digital records in the future. In the present, only some people question, some digital records. Digital records that have been created by an authoritative company or person are normally trusted because they are able to show why you should trust them. But companies and people that do not have that type of education and background are questioned, but should they be? In the digital age more and more people are becoming experts in fields, without learning in the tradition sense of going to school and earning degrees. For example, to get the title of being a genealogist you go to school and get the degrees, but there are also people who have become just as good as genealogist who are shelf taught and have learned by pushing themselves into an archive and doing the research. Will the credentials that we use to trust information change?
The InterPARES Trust research project covers some of the questions and topics we have discussed in class, such as, when we discussed who has access to information, digitization and copyright information. I believe the information from this project will continue to be relevant to topics we have yet to discuss in class.
The creation of information in the digital format is becoming more and more common because of all the possibilities and accessibility. Digital tools have been and are still being created to host information in innovative and interactive ways. The authenticity of online information and images is going to become even more important in the future as long as we continue to create information in a digital format.
I have decided to use a different web tool to create a final product for my Doors Open Project. I will create a timeline of Featherbone Palces’s history through Timeline JS, a tool used to create interactive timelines. I believe Timeline JS is the best tool because it will allow for the whole history of the building to be captured. The building has been owned by more than 15 different people/companies and the change in ownership can be captured through Timeline JS. Content for the timeline is entered into a spreadsheet through Google drive. The timeline only supports media that is already on the Internet. I will create an album through Flickr for the photographs I have taken of Featherbone Place in its current state and floor plans from the 1970s to then place the URL into the timeline. I will also be able to link to other websites, such as the websites of companies, which are still in operation and used to own Featherbone Place, the history of elevators and the production of featherbone corsets to name a few examples. The timeline will show the past, present and future of Featherbone Place.
Here is the URL for what the beginning of the timeline looks like. http://embed.verite.co/timeline/?source=0AurU9-B8TDqVdDd0WVNpVV9FcmRwbC1RYlB0MEIzSFE&font=Bevan-PotanoSans&maptype=toner&lang=en&width=900&height=650
“Timeline JS – Beautifully Crafted Timelines That Are Easy, and Intuitive to Use,” Accessed October 13, 2014, http://timeline.knightlab.com/.
“Welcome to Flickr – Photo Sharing,” Accessed October 13, 2014, https://www.flickr.com/.
The first project in my digital history class involves making a digital representation of a building or landscape’s history (and future). In order to do this you can use a combination of maps, images, floor plans or sketches. Then comes the hard part, finding a digital tool to do what you envision.
I will be working with a building located in downtown London, ON, 387 Clarence street. It is currently an empty building called Featherbone Place. The building is most well unknown for two companies that owned it in the early 1900s. Canada Featherbone Company owned the building from 1893-1912 and the next owner was Warren Featherbone Company from 1913 to 1923. Both of these companies manufactured corsets with featherbone (made from the quills of feathers). Since these two companies, the building has been owned by a variety of different people/companies, because of this the building shows some of the history of businesses in downtown London. Also, the building is architecturally significant since the majority of the main structure has stayed the same and the current owner plans restore the building during the future construction. In the future the building will house a restaurant, design company and living quarters.
I find this building intriguing for a couple of different reasons: 1. it has a past and future, 2. the basic architecture is beautiful and 3. it is believed to house the oldest working elevator in London. The elevator is the original one from when Featherbone Place was built in the 1880s and you can still make it work by pulling on the ropes.
I have had a hard time deciding how I want to present this building’s history, present and future. I am somewhat limited because there are few sources of information for the building. The main materials that I have and want to use are floor plans from the 1970s when the building under went some construction, photographs of how the building currently looks and floor plans for the future construction. There are very few sources from before the 1970s.
I looked a wide variety of tools at first. I then looked at Floorplanner (a website that lets you design floor plans and design the layouts in 2D and 3d perspectives) and actually tried it out but unfortunately it does not work that well for importing .JPEG images. Also I would not really be able to use it to show much of the history for the building. Next I looked at ThingLink (lets you create interactive images and videos). I think I would like to use ThingLink to create a video. Although it seems you can only do images at the free level. I am going to keep trying with this website but my backup idea is to create a video of the floor plans and photographs on my computer screen with Jing (takes screen shots and videos).
The interactive video about high-rises that I blogged about earlier this week is what really got me interested in creating a video for this project. In many ways I just want to stop playing around with all the possibilities and find one I can use for my idea so that at least that part of the project is done. Creating the digital representation of the building is also going to take a lot of thought and time.
Please share thoughts and/or suggestions.
J. Michael Evans, Core Heritage: A Survey of Built Heritage in Downtown London Ontario, (London, ON: Corporation of the city of London, 2009), 37-39.